Birth of Venus - Sandro Botticelli. 172.5x278.5
The Birth of Venuslike Spring, the artist wrote for Lorenzo di Pierfranchesko Medici. Botticelli could find the exposition of the myth from ancient authors or its conversion from the poet Angelo Poliziano, who worked at the court.
Venus, standing in the sink, swims, driven by Zephyr and Chloride, and Ora, one of the goddess’s companions, who holds the veil to envelop her, goes to meet her. Fancy folds of bedspreads and clothes fluttering in the wind, waves at sea, a broken coastline, “corrugated” shell flap, finally Venus’s flying hair - all this sets off the smooth shape of the body of the goddess and enhances the feeling of higher harmony that causes her appearance. Over the head of Venus, the hands of the characters almost close up, and it seems as if it is overshadowed by an arch, which is echoed by the round bottom of the shell. Thus, the figure of the goddess is locked in an imaginary oval. If in “Spring” the composition consists of several groups that are equivalent in meaning, then here Venus is the center to which everyone strives.
Among Renaissance artists, the nude Venus, in contrast to the dressed, symbolized heavenly love. Botticelli endowed his heroine with that chastity, which is revered as the highest virtue, hence the worship motif present in the picture. The beautiful face of the heroine resembles the faces of Madonnas in Botticelli's paintings, and therefore in this work the Christian theme sounds through the antique theme, and the combination of ancient humanism and Christianity gave the phenomenon of the Italian Renaissance.